I've done this all my life and never really known the name for it. It simply boils down to taking a thing and discovering a new purpose for it. Like firing an Estes Rocket from a shoulder launched tube, converting oil platforms to luxury casino hotels,  or turning a broken lamp into a cell phone holder for my desk. I'm probably the reason manufacturers put a label on things that says they are only to be used as intended. 
    Incidentally if anyone has a bike-wheel light-generator taking up space in their garage, let me know. I want to modify my attic vent into a wind generator.
    Exaptation is a fancy word for a common idea, maybe not common enough, but often called re-purposing. I moved on from the Error chapter not really getting it after the second reading. First reading I thought I got it. Then second time through I realized there was more and I was missing it. That error chapter is well placed. It serves as the bridge between Serendipity and Exaptaion. 
    Johnson uses some great stories and examples and I won't reveal them here.  While simply knowing this idea of re-purposing or exaptation might seem like enough, the explanations, examples, and expansion of the idea in the book make it worth reading. I provided a link to the book in one of the  previous blogs on a chapter. 
    Bringing together the ideas of the; adjacent possible, liquid networks, the slow hunch, serendipity, error, and exaptation creates a synergistic effect. That is to say the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. One person somewhere that exapts some thing has less value than when a liquid network reveals the adjacent possible. Over time these colliding ideas take serendipitous journey, make errors, and in turn are put to new uses. So while these ideas build upon each previous idea, they are also interrelated and best when integrated.  But more about that when I cover the next chapter.

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